NIALL FERGUSON’S DOCUMENTARY WAR OF THE WORLD SAYS RACE, NOT IDEOLOGY, DROVE THE WARS
The 20th Century was not the century of two World Wars and a Cold War, but the century of a single Hundred Years War.
Nationalism didn’t cause the conflicts. Empires did. It wasn’t ideologies of class or the influence of democracy or socialism that drove the century. It was race.
Though we thought the West had triumphed, the truth is that power moved towards the Eastern empires.
Those are the controversial assertions of Scottish historian Niall Ferguson in his documentary series War of the World, which is also a highly acclaimed book. I saw three of the documentary episodes on Netflix, but there is also a website, Top Documentary Films, that offers it free. You can check it out by clicking this link.
The Ferguson doc is not only exceptional for the creative way it is written and produced, but for a new way of understanding why the 20th Century is the most violent in history.
One of his interesting claims is that World War III is not in the future. It started right after World War II. In other words, the Cold War was actually hot. The United States and the Soviet Union couldn’t fight directly because of the guaranteed mutual destruction that a nuclear exchange would engender. They fought it through proxy countries. A couple of good examples were Korea and Vietnam.
The shift of empire power to the East started in 1905 when the Japanese sank two-thirds of the Russian fleet. Up until then the West truly dominated the world, with its empires subjugating the East. Those empires have since been demolished. Nations like China and India are ascending.
And he points out that war can cause the good guys to be bad guys as they adopt the tactics of the bad guys, using as examples the massive killing of civilians by bombardment from artillery and the air in World War II.
His findings are controversial, but he has a good case for his positions. Watch the series and tell me what you think.